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Technology Evaluation
Center (TEC)

TEC (now the Center for Clinical Effectiveness) is guided by the Medical Advisory Panel (MAP), which is composed of nationally respected physician experts. The MAP has final scientific and clinical authority for all TEC assessments.

Chaired by the Senior Vice President, Office of Clinical Affairs, BlueCross BlueShield Association, the MAP comprises experts in technology assessment, clinical research methodology and implementation, and clinical practice. MAP membership is diversified to ensure representation by a wide variety of viewpoints within the healthcare community. A majority of members hold academic appointments and are independent medical experts without affiliation to healthcare payers.

Please find below the list of MAP members with terms commencing on January 1, 2015, onwards.


Trent T. Haywood, M.D., J.D. 

Senior Vice President, Office of Clinical Affairs

Chief Medical Officer, BlueCross BlueShield Association




Suzanne E. Belinson, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Executive Director, Center for Clinical Effectiveness, Office of Clinical Affairs


Co-Scientific Advisors


Steven N. Goodman, M.D., M.H.S., Ph.D. 

Dean, Clinical and Translational Research

Professor, Departments of Medicine, Health Research and Policy

Stanford University School of Medicine


Mark A. Hlatky, M.D. 

Professor, Health Research and Policy

Professor, Cardiovascular Medicine, Dept. of Medicine

Stanford University School of Medicine


Panel Members


Peter C. Albertsen, M.D. 

Professor, Chief of Urology, and Residency Program Director, University of Connecticut Health Center

Specialty:  Urology

  • Former Member of the Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) II for Prostate Diseases and the National Cancer Institute Special Study of Prostate Cancer Health Care and Quality of Life
  • Former Member of the Residency Review Committee for Urology of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
  • Editorial Board member of Urology and Urology Times; reviewer for JAMA, Cancer, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and others
  • Widely published author in the area of prostate disease
  • Former Trustee of the American Board of Urology


Ann Boynton

Deputy Executive Officer, Benefits Programs Policy and Planning, CalPERS

  • Previously served as Deputy Executive Officer of Benefits Application, CalPERS
  • Managing Director, Manatt, Phelps and Phillips
  • Undersecretary, California Health and Human Services Agency
  • Chief Deputy Cabinet Secretary, Office of the Governor
  • Acted as management consultant in the private sector, including employment with IBM


Virginia Calega, M.D., M.B.A.

Vice President, Medical Management and Policy, Highmark Inc.

Specialty: Internal Medicine

  • Chair, BlueCross BlueShield Association’s Medical Policy Panel
  • Professional responsibilities include Medical, BH and Pharmacy utilization management activities for Highmark members across the country, as well as the formulation and maintenance of medical and Pharmacy policy for the corporation.
  • Board-certified in internal medicine and geriatrics


Helen Darling, M.A.

Strategic Advisor, National Business Group on Health

  • Purchaser/Consumer Representative
  • Former President and CEO of National Business Group on Health, nonprofit with 395 members, mostly large employer members, including 67 of the Fortune 100 in 2014. Provides solutions to the health care cost, quality and affordability crisis; serves as a link between large employers/purchasers and Congress, Executive Branch and other national organizations; the single voice for large employers on an array of health, health benefits, payment and delivery reform,  productivity and disability issues.
  • Chair, Board of Directors, National Quality Forum and Board of Directors of Reagan-Udall Foundation; Member, Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Care,  Member (co-chair for ten years), Committee on Performance Measurement, National Committee for Quality Assurance.


Uday Deshmukh, M.D., M.P.H., C.P.E., F.A.C.P.

Senior Medical Director of Clinical Operations, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida

Specialty: Internal Medicine

  • Professional responsibilities include strategic and operational effectiveness of medical management units consisting of Case Management; Disease Management; Utilization Review; and Medical Policy. Additionally, he serves as a clinical lead for enterprise wide initiatives in ICD-10 implementation, Health Care Reform, Medical Cost Management, and Health Information Technology.
  • Affiliate Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine
  • Member, Advisory Panel on Rare Disease, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
  • Member, Bone Marrow Transplant Advisory Panel, Agency for Health Care Administration, FL
  • Board-certified in internal medicine and is a Certified Physician Executive (CPE) from the Certifying Commission in Medical Management


Josef E. Fischer, M.D., F.A.C.S. 

William V. McDermott Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School 

Specialty:  Surgery

  • American College of Surgeons' Appointee to the BlueCross BlueShield Association Medical Advisory Panel
  • Editor of Fischer’s Mastery of Surgery, 6th Edition, thought to be by many their standard textbook of surgery.  Starting on the 7th Edition, which should appear in April, May 2017
  • Widely published author and researcher, member of the editorial board of 15 national medical journals, associate editor of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons and the American Journal of Surgery. Editor of 14 texts of surgery, including the standard atlas of surgery, Mastery of Surgery, 5th Edition
  • Recipient of numerous research grants and professional honors, including the two most significant honors in surgery: the Distinguished Service Award from the American College of Surgeons and the Gold Medallion of the American Surgical Association. Selected as one of the 24 most prominent surgeons of the 20th century by Archives of Surgery 1999. Former Chair of the Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons, former Chair of the American Board of Surgery, and a member of the ACGME Residency Review Committee for Surgery
  • Member of the Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee
  • Member of the Advisory Committee for the Institute for Clinical and Economic Research
  • Recipient of numerous honorary fellowships from international surgical organizations
  • Received an honorary MD from the University of Lund
  • An Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh
  • Author of over 850 peer-reviewed papers


Lee A. Fleisher, M.D.

Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Senior Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics

Specialty: Anesthesiology

  • Vice-Chair of the Consensus Standards Advisory Committee, National Quality Forum.
  • Member, Institute of Medicine
  • Member,  ACCF/AHA Task Force on Practice Guidelines
  • Member of various committees of the American Association of Anesthesiologists
  • Association of American Medical Colleges Council of Faculty and Academic Specialties
  • Past-President, Association of University Anesthesiologists
  • President, Medical Board of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania


Steven N. Goodman, M.D., M.H.S., Ph.D.

Dean for Clinical and Translational Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Professor, Departments of Medicine, Health Research and Policy

Specialty:  Pediatrics, Biostatistics, Epidemiology

  • Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
  • Senior statistical editor, Annals of Internal Medicine
  • Co-chair, IOM Committee on Drug Safety
  • Member of Methodology Committee, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
  • Research and teaching focus on inferential and ethical issues in clinical research, peer review, evidence synthesis, diagnostic test evaluation, comparative effectiveness research
  • Board-certified by the American Board of Pediatrics
  • Co-Scientific Advisor to the Association’s Medical Advisory Panel


Craig Henderson, M.D. 

Adjunct Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 

Specialty: Oncology

  • Former Chief of Medical Oncology and Associate Director of the Cancer Center at UCSF; former chairman of the Breast Cancer Committee of the Cancer and Acute Leukemia Group B (CALGB); former chairman of the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee of the Food and Drug Administration
  • Vice chairman of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Technologies for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer
  • Former chair of the World Health Organization (WHO) Committee on Essential Drugs (Cancer) and Participant in the WHO Expert Advisory Panel on Cancer
  • Chairman of the Committee on Metastatic Breast Cancer of the Cochrane Collaboration on Meta-analyses.  Former chairman of the Early Breast Cancer Trialists Group (Oxford meta-analyses of breast cancer trials)
  • Former CEO of SEQUUS Pharmaceuticals, Access Oncology, Inc., and former president of Keryx Biopharmaceuticals
  • Founder of the Breast Evaluation Center at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School
  • Associate editor, editorial board member and/or editorial advisory board for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, European Journal of Cancer, The Breast, The Breast Journal, and Oncology


Jo Carol Hiatt, M.D., M.B.A., F.A.C.S.

Chair, Inter-Regional New Technology Committee, Kaiser Permanente

Specialty:  Surgery

  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery, UCLA
  • Regional Assistant Medical Director, Business Management, Kaiser Permanente
  • Chair, National Product Council, Kaiser Permanente


Mark A. Hlatky, M.D. 

Professor of Health Research and Policy and of Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine), Stanford University School of Medicine

Specialty:  Cardiology

  • American College of Cardiology Appointee to the BlueCross BlueShield Association Medical Advisory Panel
  • Director, Health Services Research Graduate Degree Program, Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Attending Physician, Cardiovascular Medicine Service, Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Associate Editor, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
    Widely published researcher and editorial board member of several prestigious journals, including American Heart Journal and American Journal of Medicine


Sean H. Karbowicz, Pharm.D., R.Ph.

Director, Policy and Clinical Business Development, OmedaRx, Cambia Health Solutions

Specialty: Pharmacy

  • Professional responsibilities include sales and account management activities for clinical services, including evidence-based formulary services.
  • Member of the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy 


Bernard Lo, M.D. 

President, The Greenwall Foundation

Specialty:  Medical Ethics

  • Professor of Medicine Emeritus and Director Emeritus, Program in Medical Ethics, University of California, San Francisco
  • Chair, Institute of Medicine Committee on Responsible Sharing of Clinical Trial Data
  • Co-chair, Standards Working Ground of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine
  • Board of Directors, Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs (AAHRPP), which accredits Institutional Review Boards
  • Member, Institute of Medicine
  • Author of Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in Clinical Practice and of Ethical Issues in Clinical Research
  • Board-certified in internal medicine


Randall E. Marcus, M.D. 

Charles H. Herndon Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Specialty:  Orthopedic Surgery

  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, Chairman Board of Trustees and Associate Editor
  • Past President American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Past President Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
  • Associate Team Physician Cleveland Browns football team
  • Widely published in the area of orthopaedic surgery
  • Board-certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery


Barbara J. McNeil, M.D., Ph.D. 

Ridley Watts Professor and Head, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Specialty:  Technology Assessment/Quality of Care/Health Policy

  • Member of Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee
  • Member, Institute of Medicine
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Widely published author in the areas of radiology, cost-effectiveness analysis, and quality of care
  • Board-certified by the National Board of Medical Examiners and the American Board of Nuclear Medicine


William R. Phillips, M.D., M.P.H.

T.J. Phillips Endowed Professor in Family Medicine, University of Washington

Specialty:  Family Medicine. Board-certified in family medicine and preventive medicine

  • American Academy of Family Physicians appointee to the BlueCross BlueShield Association Medical Advisory Panel
  • Clinical Professor of Health Services, UW School of Public Health
  • Director, UW NRSA Fellowship in Primary Care Research
  • Senior Associate Editor, Annals of Family Medicine
  • Member, United States Preventive Services Task Force
  • Past-President, North American Primary Care Research Group
  • Past-Chair, AAFP Commission on Clinical Policies and Research
  • Past liaison member, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
  • Past member, Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee


Rita F. Redberg, M.D., M.Sc., F.A.C.C.

Professor of Medicine and Director, Women's Cardiovascular Services, University of California San Francisco

Specialty:  Cardiology

  • Chief Editor of Archives of Internal Medicine
  • Member of the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) Clinical Quality Committee and the Quality in Technology Work Group
  • Member of the California Technology Assessment Forum, the Medical Policy Technology and Advisory Committee, and the U.S. FDA Cardiovascular Devices Expert Panel
  • Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow, 2003-2006
  • Board-certified in internal medicine and cardiovascular disease


Maren T. Scheuner, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.M.G.

Chief, Medical Genetics, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System; Professor, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Affiliate Natural Scientist, RAND Corporation

Specialty: Medical Genetics, Internal Medicine

  • American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics’ Appointee to the BlueCross BlueShield Association Medical Advisory Panel
  • Board of Directors, American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (2013 - 2019)
  • Director, Clinical Genetic Services for the Veterans Integrated Service Network 22
  • Director, Health Services Genomics Research Program, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System
  • Section Editor, Health Services and Implementation Research, Genetics in Medicine
  • Board-certified in clinical genetics


Leslie Robert Schlaegel, M.S. 

Associate Vice President of Human Resources, Stanford University

  • Reporting to the Vice President for Human Resources, Les is responsible for the design, administration and communication of the employee benefits program for approximately 14,000 faculty and staff, 4,500 retirees as well as nearly 1,800 Post Doctorial Fellows.
  • Prior to joining Stanford in 2006, Mr. Schlaegel earned over 26 years of employee benefits experience with several fortune 500 companies working on both their domestic and international programs. In addition, he was a founding father of both the Pacific Business Group on Health and the Institute for Medical Quality, a subsidiary of the California Medical Association.
  • Mr. Schlaegel earned his MS degree in Comprehensive Health Planning from UCLA.


J. Sanford Schwartz, M.D., F.A.C.P. 

Leon Hess Professor of Medicine and Health Management & Economics, School of Medicine and The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

Specialty: Internal Medicine (ABIM certified)

  • Research Interests: medical decision making; health economics (cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-quality tradeoffs); medical technology assessment; adoption/diffusion medical innovation
  • University of Pennsylvania: Former Executive Director, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics; Former Co–Director, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program; Former Director, Cancer Center Program in Health Economics and Health Services Research; University of Pennsylvania
  • National Advisory Committees: National Cholesterol Education Project Adult Treatment Panels III and IV (NCEP–ATP), National Heart Lung and Blood Institute; National Advisory Committee, Robert Wood Johnson Minority Faculty Development Committee; Board of Directors ECRI Institute; Member US Preventive Services Task Force; Elected memberships: Institute of Medicine National Academy of Sciences; Association of American Physicians; American Society for Clinical Investigation; American Clinical and Climatological Society


Mark W. Skinner, J.D.

President and CEO, Institute for Policy Advancement, a consulting firm specializing in global healthcare development and patient-focused research within the bleeding disorders community. 

President, World Federation of Hemophilia and the U.S. National Hemophilia Foundation 

  • Member, Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) advisory panel on rare disease 
  • Previously, Vice President of State Programs with the American Insurance Association and earlier was Administrative Assistant /Chief of Staff to the Speaker of the Kansas House of Representatives.
  • Mr. Skinner received degrees in Public Administration and Business Administration from Kansas State University and a law degree from Washburn University School of Law.


John B. Watkins, Pharm.D., M.P.H., B.C.P.S.

Pharmacy Manager, Formulary Development, Premera Blue Cross

Specialty:  Pharmacy

  • Affiliate Professor of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Member of the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy Format Executive Committee
  • Member of the ISPOR - North American HTA Council